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|Posté le: Jeu 2 Aoû - 10:37 (2018) Sujet du message: Taliban, and barbarous
WASHINGTON， Dec. 7 (Xinhua) -- People who have an optimistic view on life are more likely to live longer， a U.S. study said Wednesday.
The study， published in the American Journal of Epidemiology， analyzed data from 2004 to 2012 from 70，000 women enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study， a long-running U.S. study tracking women's health via surveys every two years.
The researchers looked at participants' levels of optimism and other factors that might play a role in how optimism may affect mortality risk， such as race， high blood pressure， diet， and physical activity.
It found the most optimistic women， or the top quartile， had a nearly 30 percent lower risk of dying from any of the diseases analyzed in the study compared with the least optimistic women， or the bottom quartile.
The most optimistic women had a 16 percent lower risk of dying from cancer; 38 percent lower risk of dying from heart disease; 39 percent lower risk of dying from stroke; 38 percent lower risk of dying from respiratory disease; and 52 percent lower risk of dying from infection.
Previous studies have linked optimism with reduced risk of early death from cardiovascular problems， but this was the first to find a link between optimism and reduced risk from other major causes.
""While most medical and public health efforts today focus on reducing risk factors for diseases， evidence has been mounting that enhancing psychological resilience may also make a difference，"" said Eric Kim， research fellow at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and co-lead author of the study.
""Our new findings suggest that we should make efforts to boost optimism， which has been shown to be associated with healthier behaviors and healthier ways of coping with life challenges.""
The study also found that healthy behaviors only partially explain the link between optimism and reduced mortality risk. One other possibility is that higher optimism directly impacts our biological systems， Kim said.
Co-lead author and postdoctoral research fellow Kaitlin Hagan said optimism can be altered with relatively uncomplicated and low-cost interventions， even things as simple as having people write down and think about the best possible outcomes for various areas of their lives， such as careers or friendships.
""Encouraging use of these interventions could be an innovative way to enhance health in the future，"" Hagan said.
" The Kite Runner is a complex story written by Khaled Hosseini where simple yet heinous events occur in a backdrop of social and economic upheaval in Kabul Graham Zusi USA Jersey , Afghanistan . It is a story of guilt and cowardice and soul searching and redemption in the life of Amir. However, even with such overt plot lines and possible morals, there is an underlying current spoken in the fine detail with which the author writes that subtly illustrates a common mantra: You can never go home.
Placed for the most part in the capital of Afghanistan , Kabul , The Kite Runner introduces the reader first to an idyllic life of innocence. Kabul is a peaceful city ideal for raising a family. The buildings are neat and orderly even in their haphazard layout Geoff Cameron USA Jersey , and there is a sense of community and unity among its residents. It also showcases the once popular sport of ?Kite Fighting,? where contestants try to sever the string of their opponents kite. To the victor goes the spoils (the kite), though of course, someone must run to get it. In the book, kite fighting brings neighbors together in playful competition Fabian Johnson USA Jersey , and we find that the sport spans generations, as Amir?s father reveals a prize kite he won when he was a child. We get a glimpse at how Kabul ?s well to do treat their children, their servants, and each other. We get a strong sense of social order and stability.
The story also offers a first hand account of the social and political turmoil that the Soviet invasion wrought upon the entire country. This is when Amir and his father are forced to flee Afghanistan , and eventually settle in the United States .
However Ethan Horvath USA Jersey , when circumstance and his conscience require Amir as a young man to return briefly to Kabul , we see an entirely different city. Many of the buildings are broken or destroyed, as befitting a place ravaged by war and preserved by the subsequent economic downturn. What remains of Kabul is dirty and disheveled.
The sense of community that was once prevalent is now non existent. There is at first a sense of ?every man for himself? where closed doors and windows greet Amir, and any aid he receives during his brief stay must be done in secret. There is no more kite fighting (the Taliban banned the sport, which inspired the kernel of the idea of the story for the author Eric Lichaj USA Jersey , who was himself an avid kite fighter in Kabul , once). However as we see more of the city, we are given a glimpse of even darker times, where neighbor betrays neighbor to the ruling Taliban, and barbarous acts are committed in the name of zealotry. This is not the Kabul Amir remembers Edgar Castillo USA Jersey , certainly. And after even a few days, it becomes clear that this is not his home. The home of Amir?s childhood does not exist anymore, and there is no returning to it.
And that is perhaps the irony, because the same could be said of any town, any homecoming DeAndre Yedlin USA Jersey , to a lesser degree. By contrasting the changes in Kabul then and now, the author emphasizes the commonality of change over time, and suddenly Kabul becomes our town, and Afghanistan becomes our country, and Amir becomes us Dax McCarty USA Jersey , a tourist in our own hometown. Indeed, even when you can go home, you can never truly go home.
BUCHAREST, Nov. 4 (Xinhua) -- Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta on Wednesday announced his resignation over a fire tragedy that has killed 32 people and injured more than 180 others.
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